Laetitia Pilkington (née van Lewen)

(c. 1709 - 29 August 1750)
Laetitia Pilkington (1709?-1750)

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Laetitia Pilkington (1709?-1750)

Works in ECPA

Source editions

  • Poems on Several Occasions. London: Printed for C. Rivington, at the Bible and Crown in St. Paul's Church-Yard, 1735. lx, 290,[14]p.; 8⁰. (ESTC T42623; DMI 523; Foxon p. 45)
  • The statues: or, the trial of constancy. A tale for the ladies. London: printed for T. Cooper, 1739. 18p.; 2⁰. (ESTC T48642; Foxon P279; OTA K045265.000)
  • A Collection of Poems in Six Volumes. By Several Hands. Vol. V. London: printed by J. Hughs, for R. and J. Dodsley, 1763 [1st ed. 1758]. 6v.: music; 8⁰. (ESTC T131163; OTA K104099.005)

Biographical note

Laetitia Pilkington was the daughter of John van Lewen (1684-1737), a Dublin physician of Dutch origin, and his wife Elizabeth (d. c. 1742). In 1725 she married clergyman and poet Matthew Pilkington (1701-1774). In about 1729, the couple was introduced to Jonathan Swift, who accepted them into his circle of friends and in 1732 procured Matthew an appointment in London. After various liaisons, seemingly on both sides, the Pilkingtons separated in 1738. Laetitia Pilkington eventually settled in London. In 1739, her poem The Statues; or, the Trial of Constancy. A Tale for the Ladies, was published by Robert Dodsley. In the 1740s, she corresponded with Colley Cibber and Samuel Richardson who offered her some support. Her Memoirs were published in Dublin in 1748. They contained her collected verse and offered insight into her dealings with Swift, Cibber, Richardson, and the publisher Edmund Curll. Her account of Swift's habits and household events during his later years became a valuable resource for Swift biographers. She died in Dublin on 29 August 1750.

Bibliography

DMI 4644; ODNB 22270

Editions

  • Elias, A. C., Jr, ed. Memoirs of Laetitia Pilkington. Athens; London: Georgia UP, 1997. Print. 2 volumes.
  • Tucker, Bernard. The poetry of Laetitia Pilkington (1712-1750) and Constantia Grierson (1706-1733). Studies in British literature, v. 20. Lewiston: E. Mellen Press, 1996. Print.

Biography

  • Clarke, Norma. Queen of the Wits: A Life of Laetitia Pilkington. London: Faber and Faber, 2008. Print.

Reference

  • Baines, Paul, Julian Ferraro, Pat Rogers, eds. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing, 1660-1789. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. 270. Print.
  • Suarez, Michael F. Pilkington, Laetitia. A Collection of Poems by Several Hands [1782]. Ed. Robert Dodsley and Michael F. Suarez. Vol. I. London: Routledge/Thoemmes, 1997. 191-193. Print. 6 volumes.

Criticism

  • Backscheider, Paula. Inverting the image of Swift's 'Triumfeminate'. Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies 4:1 (2004): 37-71. Print.
  • Messenger, Ann, ed. Gender at work: four women writers of the eighteenth century. Detroit, MI: Wayne State UP, 1990. Print.
  • Tucker, Bernard. Swift's 'Female Senate': Three Forgotten Poets. Irish Studies Review 7 (1994): 7-10. Print.