Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive
The Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive — ECPA — is a collaborative digital archive and research project devoted to the poetry of the long eighteenth century. ECPA builds on the electronic texts created by the Text Creation Partnership from Gale’s Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO).
- browse authors by names, dates of birth, or gender;
- browse works ( text versions) by titles, first lines, themes, or genres;
- view high-quality digital facsimiles of select source editions of the texts used by ECPA;
- use the built-in digital tools to augment the close reading process of individual poems;
- contribute and share textual notes and glosses, readings and interpretations, observations and suggestions, via easy-to-use forms (just click on any line or word);
- use the collaborative potential in the classroom to increase student engagement with the texts;
- use the resources (chronology, gallery, and bibliography) to enhance your studies.
ECPA is currently released in beta and is being constantly updated. Follow ECPA on Twitter to be kept informed of developments. Upcoming enhancements include:
- increasing the number of authors represented (currently in preparation: Mary Barber, William Diaper, Anne Finch, William Cowper);
- closer integration of the analytical layers supporting the close reading process.
Ann Yearsley(15 July 1753 - 6 May 1806)
Works in ECPA
- ADDRESS TO FRIENDSHIP.
- Another VALENTINE. TO ANOTHER PERSON.
- CLIFTON HILL. Written in January 1785.
- A FRAGMENT.
- NIGHT. To STELLA.
- On Mrs. MONTAGU.
- ON THE Sudden Death of a FRIEND.
- THOUGHTS ON THE AUTHOR's OWN DEATH. WRITTEN WHEN VERY YOUNG.
- To a FRIEND; ON VALENTINE's DAY.
- TO HER GRACE The Duchess Dowager of PORTLAND.
- To Mr. R—, ON HIS Benevolent Scheme for rescuing Poor Children from Vice and Misery, BY PROMOTING SUNDAY SCHOOLS.
- To Mrs. M—S.
- To Mrs. V—N.
- TO STELLA; ON A Visit to Mrs. MONTAGU.
- TO THE Honourable H—E W—E, ON READING The CASTLE of OTRANTO. December, 1784.
- To the Same; ON HER ACCUSING THE AUTHOR OF FLATTERY, AND OF Ascribing to the Creature that Praise which is due only to the Creator.
Born Ann Cromartie, the daughter of humble parents who lived in Bristol, Ann Yearsley had little education, but was taught to read by her brother and had access to books from a circulating library. Like her mother, she worked in Bristol as a milkmaid. In 1774, she married John Yearsley (1748-1803) with whom she had six children, but who failed to support the family. By 1784, the family was homeless and impoverished. The Yearsleys were rescued by local financier Richard Vaughan who had heard of their predicament. Ann had begun to write poetry and came under the patronage of Hannah More (1745-1833) who, with the help of Elizabeth Montagu (1718-1800), set up a subscription for her in 1784. Ann Yearsley's first collection Poems on Several Occasions was published by Thomas Cadell in 1785 and reissued twice in the same year. However, Yearsley and More quarreled bitterly over the use of the funds raised, and parted ways. Yearsley published a new edition of her works, Poems on Various Subjects, in 1787, which contained many new poems. In 1793, Yearsley set up a circulating library at Bristol, assisted among others by the bookseller and editor of The Monthly Review Ralph Griffiths. In addition to her more than 100 published poems, Yearsley also wrote a play and a novel. She retired to Wiltshire to live near her son John in 1803. She died in 1806 and was buried in Bristol.
Andrews, Kerri, Tim Fulford, Bridget Keegan, eds. The Collected Works of Ann Yearsley. The Pickering Masters. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2014. Print. 3 volumes.
Waldron, Mary. Lactilla, Milkwoman of Clifton: The Life and Writings of Ann Yearsley, 1753-1806. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 1996. Print.
Baines, Paul, Julian Ferraro, Pat Rogers, eds. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing, 1660-1789. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. 376-377. Print.
Carey, Brycchan. "Ann Yearsley (1752-1806)". British Abolitionists, ed. Brycchan Carey, 2001. Web. 8 Nov. 2016. http://www.brycchancarey.com/abolition/yearsley.htm.
Radcliffe, David H., ed.
Ann Yearsley (1756-1806). Spenser and the Tradition: ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830. Center for Applied Technologies in the Humanities, Virginia Tech, 2006. Web. 14 Oct. 2011. http://spenserians.cath.vt.edu/AuthorRecord.php?recordid=33614.
Andrews, Kerri. Ann Yearsley and Hannah More, Patronage and Poetry: The Story of A Literary Relationship. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2013. Print.
Ann Yearsley and the Distribution of Genius in Early Romantic Culture. The Early Romantics: Perspectives in British Poetry from Pope to Wordsworth, ed. Thomas Woodman. Houndmills: MacMillan, 1998, 215-30. Print.
Christmas, William J. The Lab'ring Muses: Work, Writing and the Social Order in English Plebeian Poetry, 1730-1830. Newark and London: University of Delaware Press; Associated University Presses, 2001, 235-66. Print.
'For Mine's a Stubborn and a Savage Will': 'Lactilla' (Ann Yearsley) and 'Stella' (Hannah More) Reconsidered. Huntington Library Quarterly 56 (1993): 135-50. Print.
Ann Yearsley and the Politics of Patronage. Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 21:2 (Fall 2002): 346-392 and 22:1 (Spring 2003): 13-56. Print.
Resistance and Power in the Life and Writings of Ann Yearsley. The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 27 (1986): 247-68. Print.
The Unpublished Poems of Ann Yearsley. Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 12 (1993): 13-46. Print.
Ferguson, Moira. Eighteenth-Century Women Poets: Nation, Class, and Gender. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995, 45-89. Print.
Landry, Donna. The Muses of Resistance: Laboring-Class Women's Poetry in Britain, 1739-1796. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990, 120-85. Print.
Strategies of Containment: Stephen Duck, Ann Yearsley, and the Problem of Polite Culture. Eighteenth-Century Life 13 (1989): 91-108. Print.