Alexander Pope

(21 May 1688 - 30 May 1744)
Alexander Pope (1688-1744)

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Alexander Pope (1688-1744)

Works in ECPA

Source editions

  • Ode for musick. London: printed for Bernard Lintott, 1713. [4],8p. ; 2⁰. (ESTC T5694; Foxon P904; OTA K023150.000)
  • Windsor-Forest. To the Right Honourable George Lord Lansdown. By Mr. Pope. London: printed for Bernard Lintott, 1713. [2],18p. ; 2⁰. (ESTC T5763; Foxon P987; OTA K023202.000)
  • An essay on criticism: Written by Mr. Pope. The second edition. London: printed for W. Lewis, 1713 [1712]. [4],36p. ; 8⁰. (ESTC T5572; Foxon P810; OTA K023052.000)
  • The rape of the lock: An heroi-comical poem. In five canto's. Written by Mr. Pope. London: printed for Bernard Lintott, 1714. [8],48p.,plates ; 8⁰. (ESTC T5726; Foxon P941; OTA K023176.000)
  • The court ballad: By Mr. Pope. To the tune of, To all you ladies now at land, &c. [London]: Printed for R. Burleigh, in Amen-Corner, 1717. 2p. ; 1/2⁰. (ESTC T5527; Foxon P762; OTA K023019.000)
  • An epistle to the Right Honourable Richard Earl of Burlington: Occasion'd by his publishing Palladio's designs of the baths, arches, theatres, &c. of ancient Rome. By Mr. Pope. London: printed for L. Gilliver, 1731. 14,[2]p. ; 2⁰. (ESTC T5700; Foxon P908; OTA K023156.000)
  • The impertinent: or a visit to the court. A satyr. By an eminent hand. London: printed for John Wileord, 1733. 16p. ; 4⁰. (ESTC T5678; Foxon P898; OTA K023140.000)
  • An essay on man: being the first book of ethic epistles. To Henry St. John, L. Bolingbroke. London: printed by John Wright, for Lawton Gilliver, 1734. [8],74p. : ill. ; 4⁰. (ESTC T5607; Foxon P852; OTA K023079.000)
  • An epistle from Mr. Pope, to Dr. Arbuthnot. London: printed by J. Wright for Lawton Gilliver, 1734 [1735]. [4],30[i.e.20]p. ; 2⁰. (ESTC T5567; Foxon P802; OTA K023049.000)
  • Bounce to Fop: An heroick epistle from a dog at Twickenham to a dog at court. By Dr. S----t. [London]: Dublin, printed, London, reprinted for T. Cooper, 1736. 11,[1]p. ; 2⁰. (ESTC T5522; Foxon B326; OTA K023014.000)
  • Horace his ode to Venus. Lib. IV. Ode I. Imitated by Mr. Pope. London: printed for J. Wright, and sold by J. Roberts, 1737. [2],7,[1]p. ; 2⁰. (ESTC T5677; Foxon P896; OTA K023139.000)
  • The first epistle of the first book of Horace imitated: By Mr. Pope. London: printed for R. Dodsley, and sold by T. Cooper, 1737 [1738]. [2],19,[1]p. ; 2⁰. (ESTC T5661; Foxon P878; OTA K023128.000)
  • The universal prayer: By the author of the Essay on man. London: printed for R. Dodsley, 1738. 7,[1]p. ; 2⁰. (ESTC T5757; Foxon P982; OTA K023198.000)
  • A Collection of Poems in Six Volumes. By Several Hands. Vol. III. London: printed by J. Hughs, for R. and J. Dodsley, 1763 [1st ed. 1758]. 6v.: music; 8⁰. (ESTC T131163; OTA K104099.003)
  • A Collection of Poems in Six Volumes. By Several Hands. Vol. VI. London: printed by J. Hughs, for R. and J. Dodsley, 1763 [1st ed. 1758]. 6v.: music; 8⁰. (ESTC T131163; OTA K104099.006)

Biographical note

Alexander Pope was born in the City of London on 21 May 1688. He was the son of a linen merchant, also Alexander Pope (1646-1717), and his wife Edith, née Turner (1643-1733). He was educated privately by family members, priests, and at clandestine Catholic schools. As a Roman Catholic, Pope was debarred from attending university. In 1700 his family moved to Binfield, in Windsor Forest, where Pope immersed himself in literature and where he began writing poetry in imitation of Spenser, Waller and others. From about 1703, Pope began to show symptoms of health problems, which would severely limit his growth and cause disfigurement. Pope relied on a network of Catholic friends and acquaintances who encouraged him as a poet and published his first poems. In quick succession, Pope published the Essay on Criticism (1711), The Rape of the Lock (1712), and Windsor-Forest (1713). Pope, who was for a time associated with Addison's circle, became increasingly involved with the Tory grouping (Swift, Gay, Arbuthnot, and Atterbury), which would become the Scriblerus Club. The first volumes of Pope's translation of Homer's Iliad appeared in 1715. A rival translation by Tickell, which was sponsored by Addison, caused them to become enemies. In 1717 Pope published an elaborately produced first volume of his Works. Pope became fascinated with Lady Mary Wortley Montagu shortly afterwards and they corresponded and exchanged pieces of poetry. The Iliad translation project, which was completed in 1720, had left Pope financially independent and he was able to retire to a villa set in five acres of land in Twickenham. He was embroiled in a number of political affairs by his involvement in opposition politics. Pope devoted the remainder of his life to poetry, editing, and gardening. Pope's later compositions include The Dunciad (1728, revised The Dunciad Variorum [1729], final version 1743), An Essay on Man (1733-1734), and translations of Horace. He published a second volume of his Works in 1736. Pope died at Twickenham on 30 May 1744 and was buried in the parish church.

Bibliography

DMI 2044; ODNB 22526; NCBEL 500

Manuscripts

  • Smith, Margaret M. Index of English Literary Manuscripts. Vol. III, 1700-1800 . London: Mansell, 1986-1997. Pt. 3 Pope-Steele. 1-78. Print. 4 volumes.

Editions

  • Butt, John, ed. The Poems of Alexander Pope: A One Volume Edition of the Twickenham Pope. 1963. London: Routledge, 1996. Print.
  • Davis, Herbert, ed. Pope: Poetical Works. Oxford Standard Authors. London: Oxford UP, 1966. Print.
  • Lancashire, Ian, ed. Selected Poetry of Alexander Pope (1688-1744). Representative Poetry Online. Information Technology Services, University of Toronto Libraries, 2011. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/poets/pope-alexander.
  • Rogers, Pat, ed. Alexander Pope: The Major Works. Oxford World's Classics. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. Print.
  • The Works of the English Poets, from Chaucer to Cowper; including the Series Edited, with Prefaces, Biographical and Critical, by Dr Samuel Johnson: and the most approved translations. The Additional Lives by Alexander Chalmers, F.S.A. Vol. XII. London: J. Johnson et al., 1810. 49-362. Google Books edition. Web. 13 Feb. 2016. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=V_ZLAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA49

Concordance

  • Bedford, Emmett G. and Robert J. Dilligan, eds. A Concordance to the Poems of Alexander Pope. Detroit: Gale, 1974. Print. 2 volumes.

Biography

  • Mack, Maynard. Alexander Pope: A Life. New Haven: Yale UP, 1985. Print.
  • Rosslyn, Felicity. Alexander Pope: A Literary Life. Macmillan Literary Lives. London: Macmillan, 1990. Print.

Bibliography

Reference

  • Baines, Paul, Julian Ferraro, Pat Rogers, eds. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing, 1660-1789. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. 273-278. Print.
  • Baines, Paul. The Complete Critical Guide to Alexander Pope. London: Routledge, 2000. Print.
  • Berry, Reginald. A Pope Chronology. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1988. Print.
  • Fairer, David. English Poetry of the Eighteenth Century 1700-1789. Longman Literature in English Series. Harlow: Longman, 2003. 281-283. Print.
  • Lawlor, Clark. Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744. Literature Online biography. Cambridge: Chadwyck-Healey, 2000. Web. 21 Feb. 2016. http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2003&xri:pqil:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:lion&rft_id=xri:lion:ft:ref:BIO001698:0
  • Mell, Jr., Donald C. English Poetry, 1660-1800: a guide to information sources. American Literature, English Literature, and World Literatures in English Information Guide Series, vol. 40. Detroit: Gale, 1982. 282-334. Print.
  • Radcliffe, David H., ed. Alexander Pope (1688-1744). Spenser and the Tradition: ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830. Center for Applied Technologies in the Humanities, Virginia Tech, 2006. Web. 23 Sep. 2011. http://spenserians.cath.vt.edu/AuthorRecord.php?recordid=32967.
  • Rogers, Pat. The Alexander Pope Encyclopedia. Westport: Greenwood, 2004. Print.
  • Suarez, Michael F. Pope, Alexander. A Collection of Poems by Several Hands [1782]. Ed. Robert Dodsley and Michael F. Suarez. Vol. I. London: Routledge/Thoemmes, 1997. 194-198. Print. 6 volumes.
  • Williams, Aubrey L. Alexander Pope (21 May 1688 - 30 May 1744). Eighteenth-Century British Poets, First Series. Ed. John E. Sitter. Dictionary of Literary Biography. Vol. 95 . Detroit: Gale, 1990. 169-210. Print.

Criticism

  • Barnard, John, ed. Pope: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge, 1973. Print.
  • Bogel, Fredric V. Acts of Knowledge: Pope's Later Poems. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell UP, 1981. Print.
  • Brower, Reuben A. Alexander Pope: The Poetry of Allusion. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  • Fairer, David. The Poetry of Alexander Pope. Penguin Critical Studies. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1989. Print.
  • Griffin, Dustin H. Alexander Pope: The Poet in the Poems. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1978. Print.
  • Knellwolf, Christa. A contradiction still: Representations of women in the poetry of Alexander Pope. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1998. Print.
  • Nicholson, Colin E., ed. Alexander Pope: Essays for the Tercentenary. Aberdeen: Aberdeen UP, 1988. Print.
  • Rogers, Pat, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Alexander Pope. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2007. Print.
  • Rousseau, G. S. and Pat Rogers, eds. The Enduring Legacy: Alexander Pope Tercentenary Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988. Print.

Studies of individual works

  • Rogers, Pat. The Symbolic Design of Windsor-Forest: Iconography, Pageant, and Prophecy in Pope's Early Work. Newark: University of Delaware P, 2004. Print.